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authorGuennadi Liakhovetski <g.liakhovetski@gmx.de>2012-09-11 12:44:18 -0300
committerMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@redhat.com>2013-03-31 10:32:37 -0300
commit53c5b6c95f1850b0f95b445e0c6f1c133b00bfef (patch)
tree9805dbae3de5d88d3170536cdba58cd8c06af779 /Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-interfaces.txt
parent2cb5972da8ee95c58db3375c288563f3b75bc61c (diff)
[media] Add common video interfaces OF bindings documentation
This patch adds a document describing common OF bindings for video capture, output and video processing devices. It is curently mainly focused on video capture devices, with data busses defined by standards such as ITU-R BT.656 or MIPI-CSI2. It also documents a method of describing data links between devices. Signed-off-by: Guennadi Liakhovetski <g.liakhovetski@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Sylwester Nawrocki <s.nawrocki@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@redhat.com>
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+Common bindings for video receiver and transmitter interfaces
+
+General concept
+---------------
+
+Video data pipelines usually consist of external devices, e.g. camera sensors,
+controlled over an I2C, SPI or UART bus, and SoC internal IP blocks, including
+video DMA engines and video data processors.
+
+SoC internal blocks are described by DT nodes, placed similarly to other SoC
+blocks. External devices are represented as child nodes of their respective
+bus controller nodes, e.g. I2C.
+
+Data interfaces on all video devices are described by their child 'port' nodes.
+Configuration of a port depends on other devices participating in the data
+transfer and is described by 'endpoint' subnodes.
+
+device {
+ ...
+ ports {
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+
+ port@0 {
+ ...
+ endpoint@0 { ... };
+ endpoint@1 { ... };
+ };
+ port@1 { ... };
+ };
+};
+
+If a port can be configured to work with more than one remote device on the same
+bus, an 'endpoint' child node must be provided for each of them. If more than
+one port is present in a device node or there is more than one endpoint at a
+port, or port node needs to be associated with a selected hardware interface,
+a common scheme using '#address-cells', '#size-cells' and 'reg' properties is
+used.
+
+All 'port' nodes can be grouped under optional 'ports' node, which allows to
+specify #address-cells, #size-cells properties independently for the 'port'
+and 'endpoint' nodes and any child device nodes a device might have.
+
+Two 'endpoint' nodes are linked with each other through their 'remote-endpoint'
+phandles. An endpoint subnode of a device contains all properties needed for
+configuration of this device for data exchange with other device. In most
+cases properties at the peer 'endpoint' nodes will be identical, however they
+might need to be different when there is any signal modifications on the bus
+between two devices, e.g. there are logic signal inverters on the lines.
+
+It is allowed for multiple endpoints at a port to be active simultaneously,
+where supported by a device. For example, in case where a data interface of
+a device is partitioned into multiple data busses, e.g. 16-bit input port
+divided into two separate ITU-R BT.656 8-bit busses. In such case bus-width
+and data-shift properties can be used to assign physical data lines to each
+endpoint node (logical bus).
+
+
+Required properties
+-------------------
+
+If there is more than one 'port' or more than one 'endpoint' node or 'reg'
+property is present in port and/or endpoint nodes the following properties
+are required in a relevant parent node:
+
+ - #address-cells : number of cells required to define port/endpoint
+ identifier, should be 1.
+ - #size-cells : should be zero.
+
+Optional endpoint properties
+----------------------------
+
+- remote-endpoint: phandle to an 'endpoint' subnode of a remote device node.
+- slave-mode: a boolean property indicating that the link is run in slave mode.
+ The default when this property is not specified is master mode. In the slave
+ mode horizontal and vertical synchronization signals are provided to the
+ slave device (data source) by the master device (data sink). In the master
+ mode the data source device is also the source of the synchronization signals.
+- bus-width: number of data lines actively used, valid for the parallel busses.
+- data-shift: on the parallel data busses, if bus-width is used to specify the
+ number of data lines, data-shift can be used to specify which data lines are
+ used, e.g. "bus-width=<8>; data-shift=<2>;" means, that lines 9:2 are used.
+- hsync-active: active state of the HSYNC signal, 0/1 for LOW/HIGH respectively.
+- vsync-active: active state of the VSYNC signal, 0/1 for LOW/HIGH respectively.
+ Note, that if HSYNC and VSYNC polarities are not specified, embedded
+ synchronization may be required, where supported.
+- data-active: similar to HSYNC and VSYNC, specifies data line polarity.
+- field-even-active: field signal level during the even field data transmission.
+- pclk-sample: sample data on rising (1) or falling (0) edge of the pixel clock
+ signal.
+- data-lanes: an array of physical data lane indexes. Position of an entry
+ determines the logical lane number, while the value of an entry indicates
+ physical lane, e.g. for 2-lane MIPI CSI-2 bus we could have
+ "data-lanes = <1 2>;", assuming the clock lane is on hardware lane 0.
+ This property is valid for serial busses only (e.g. MIPI CSI-2).
+- clock-lanes: an array of physical clock lane indexes. Position of an entry
+ determines the logical lane number, while the value of an entry indicates
+ physical lane, e.g. for a MIPI CSI-2 bus we could have "clock-lanes = <0>;",
+ which places the clock lane on hardware lane 0. This property is valid for
+ serial busses only (e.g. MIPI CSI-2). Note that for the MIPI CSI-2 bus this
+ array contains only one entry.
+- clock-noncontinuous: a boolean property to allow MIPI CSI-2 non-continuous
+ clock mode.
+
+
+Example
+-------
+
+The example snippet below describes two data pipelines. ov772x and imx074 are
+camera sensors with a parallel and serial (MIPI CSI-2) video bus respectively.
+Both sensors are on the I2C control bus corresponding to the i2c0 controller
+node. ov772x sensor is linked directly to the ceu0 video host interface.
+imx074 is linked to ceu0 through the MIPI CSI-2 receiver (csi2). ceu0 has a
+(single) DMA engine writing captured data to memory. ceu0 node has a single
+'port' node which may indicate that at any time only one of the following data
+pipelines can be active: ov772x -> ceu0 or imx074 -> csi2 -> ceu0.
+
+ ceu0: ceu@0xfe910000 {
+ compatible = "renesas,sh-mobile-ceu";
+ reg = <0xfe910000 0xa0>;
+ interrupts = <0x880>;
+
+ mclk: master_clock {
+ compatible = "renesas,ceu-clock";
+ #clock-cells = <1>;
+ clock-frequency = <50000000>; /* Max clock frequency */
+ clock-output-names = "mclk";
+ };
+
+ port {
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+
+ /* Parallel bus endpoint */
+ ceu0_1: endpoint@1 {
+ reg = <1>; /* Local endpoint # */
+ remote = <&ov772x_1_1>; /* Remote phandle */
+ bus-width = <8>; /* Used data lines */
+ data-shift = <2>; /* Lines 9:2 are used */
+
+ /* If hsync-active/vsync-active are missing,
+ embedded BT.656 sync is used */
+ hsync-active = <0>; /* Active low */
+ vsync-active = <0>; /* Active low */
+ data-active = <1>; /* Active high */
+ pclk-sample = <1>; /* Rising */
+ };
+
+ /* MIPI CSI-2 bus endpoint */
+ ceu0_0: endpoint@0 {
+ reg = <0>;
+ remote = <&csi2_2>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ i2c0: i2c@0xfff20000 {
+ ...
+ ov772x_1: camera@0x21 {
+ compatible = "omnivision,ov772x";
+ reg = <0x21>;
+ vddio-supply = <&regulator1>;
+ vddcore-supply = <&regulator2>;
+
+ clock-frequency = <20000000>;
+ clocks = <&mclk 0>;
+ clock-names = "xclk";
+
+ port {
+ /* With 1 endpoint per port no need for addresses. */
+ ov772x_1_1: endpoint {
+ bus-width = <8>;
+ remote-endpoint = <&ceu0_1>;
+ hsync-active = <1>;
+ vsync-active = <0>; /* Who came up with an
+ inverter here ?... */
+ data-active = <1>;
+ pclk-sample = <1>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ imx074: camera@0x1a {
+ compatible = "sony,imx074";
+ reg = <0x1a>;
+ vddio-supply = <&regulator1>;
+ vddcore-supply = <&regulator2>;
+
+ clock-frequency = <30000000>; /* Shared clock with ov772x_1 */
+ clocks = <&mclk 0>;
+ clock-names = "sysclk"; /* Assuming this is the
+ name in the datasheet */
+ port {
+ imx074_1: endpoint {
+ clock-lanes = <0>;
+ data-lanes = <1 2>;
+ remote-endpoint = <&csi2_1>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ csi2: csi2@0xffc90000 {
+ compatible = "renesas,sh-mobile-csi2";
+ reg = <0xffc90000 0x1000>;
+ interrupts = <0x17a0>;
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+
+ port@1 {
+ compatible = "renesas,csi2c"; /* One of CSI2I and CSI2C. */
+ reg = <1>; /* CSI-2 PHY #1 of 2: PHY_S,
+ PHY_M has port address 0,
+ is unused. */
+ csi2_1: endpoint {
+ clock-lanes = <0>;
+ data-lanes = <2 1>;
+ remote-endpoint = <&imx074_1>;
+ };
+ };
+ port@2 {
+ reg = <2>; /* port 2: link to the CEU */
+
+ csi2_2: endpoint {
+ remote-endpoint = <&ceu0_0>;
+ };
+ };
+ };