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authorMark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>2016-11-03 20:23:13 +0000
committerCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>2016-11-11 18:25:46 +0000
commitc02433dd6de32f042cf3ffe476746b1115b8c096 (patch)
tree265e0b7925a4c665a64b5f8d4279d16dcb947ee2
parent1b7e2296a822dfd2349960addc42a139360ce769 (diff)
arm64: split thread_info from task stack
This patch moves arm64's struct thread_info from the task stack into task_struct. This protects thread_info from corruption in the case of stack overflows, and makes its address harder to determine if stack addresses are leaked, making a number of attacks more difficult. Precise detection and handling of overflow is left for subsequent patches. Largely, this involves changing code to store the task_struct in sp_el0, and acquire the thread_info from the task struct. Core code now implements current_thread_info(), and as noted in <linux/sched.h> this relies on offsetof(task_struct, thread_info) == 0, enforced by core code. This change means that the 'tsk' register used in entry.S now points to a task_struct, rather than a thread_info as it used to. To make this clear, the TI_* field offsets are renamed to TSK_TI_*, with asm-offsets appropriately updated to account for the structural change. Userspace clobbers sp_el0, and we can no longer restore this from the stack. Instead, the current task is cached in a per-cpu variable that we can safely access from early assembly as interrupts are disabled (and we are thus not preemptible). Both secondary entry and idle are updated to stash the sp and task pointer separately. Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/current.h22
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/smp.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h24
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S41
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/head.S11
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/process.c16
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c2
10 files changed, 73 insertions, 54 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 77a807a..0b8227f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -109,6 +109,7 @@ config ARM64
select POWER_SUPPLY
select SPARSE_IRQ
select SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE
+ select THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
help
ARM 64-bit (AArch64) Linux support.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
index 44e1d7f..28196b1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -1,7 +1,6 @@
generic-y += bugs.h
generic-y += clkdev.h
generic-y += cputime.h
-generic-y += current.h
generic-y += delay.h
generic-y += div64.h
generic-y += dma.h
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/current.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/current.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f2bcbe2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/current.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+#ifndef __ASM_CURRENT_H
+#define __ASM_CURRENT_H
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+struct task_struct;
+
+static __always_inline struct task_struct *get_current(void)
+{
+ return (struct task_struct *)read_sysreg(sp_el0);
+}
+
+#define current get_current()
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* __ASM_CURRENT_H */
+
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/smp.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/smp.h
index 968b08d..a62db95 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/smp.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/smp.h
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ asmlinkage void secondary_start_kernel(void);
*/
struct secondary_data {
void *stack;
+ struct task_struct *task;
long status;
};
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
index bce0f07..c17ad4d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -47,41 +47,17 @@ typedef unsigned long mm_segment_t;
struct thread_info {
unsigned long flags; /* low level flags */
mm_segment_t addr_limit; /* address limit */
- struct task_struct *task; /* main task structure */
int preempt_count; /* 0 => preemptable, <0 => bug */
- int cpu; /* cpu */
};
#define INIT_THREAD_INFO(tsk) \
{ \
- .task = &tsk, \
- .flags = 0, \
.preempt_count = INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT, \
.addr_limit = KERNEL_DS, \
}
#define init_stack (init_thread_union.stack)
-/*
- * how to get the thread information struct from C
- */
-static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void) __attribute_const__;
-
-/*
- * struct thread_info can be accessed directly via sp_el0.
- *
- * We don't use read_sysreg() as we want the compiler to cache the value where
- * possible.
- */
-static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
-{
- unsigned long sp_el0;
-
- asm ("mrs %0, sp_el0" : "=r" (sp_el0));
-
- return (struct thread_info *)sp_el0;
-}
-
#define thread_saved_pc(tsk) \
((unsigned long)(tsk->thread.cpu_context.pc))
#define thread_saved_sp(tsk) \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index d30b232..c2dc9fa 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -36,9 +36,10 @@ int main(void)
{
DEFINE(TSK_ACTIVE_MM, offsetof(struct task_struct, active_mm));
BLANK();
- DEFINE(TI_FLAGS, offsetof(struct thread_info, flags));
- DEFINE(TI_PREEMPT, offsetof(struct thread_info, preempt_count));
- DEFINE(TI_ADDR_LIMIT, offsetof(struct thread_info, addr_limit));
+ DEFINE(TSK_TI_FLAGS, offsetof(struct task_struct, thread_info.flags));
+ DEFINE(TSK_TI_PREEMPT, offsetof(struct task_struct, thread_info.preempt_count));
+ DEFINE(TSK_TI_ADDR_LIMIT, offsetof(struct task_struct, thread_info.addr_limit));
+ DEFINE(TSK_STACK, offsetof(struct task_struct, stack));
BLANK();
DEFINE(THREAD_CPU_CONTEXT, offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.cpu_context));
BLANK();
@@ -121,6 +122,7 @@ int main(void)
DEFINE(TZ_DSTTIME, offsetof(struct timezone, tz_dsttime));
BLANK();
DEFINE(CPU_BOOT_STACK, offsetof(struct secondary_data, stack));
+ DEFINE(CPU_BOOT_TASK, offsetof(struct secondary_data, task));
BLANK();
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST
DEFINE(VCPU_CONTEXT, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.ctxt));
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
index 2d4c83b..6349a83 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
@@ -90,9 +90,8 @@
.if \el == 0
mrs x21, sp_el0
- mov tsk, sp
- and tsk, tsk, #~(THREAD_SIZE - 1) // Ensure MDSCR_EL1.SS is clear,
- ldr x19, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // since we can unmask debug
+ ldr_this_cpu tsk, __entry_task, x20 // Ensure MDSCR_EL1.SS is clear,
+ ldr x19, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // since we can unmask debug
disable_step_tsk x19, x20 // exceptions when scheduling.
mov x29, xzr // fp pointed to user-space
@@ -100,10 +99,10 @@
add x21, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
get_thread_info tsk
/* Save the task's original addr_limit and set USER_DS (TASK_SIZE_64) */
- ldr x20, [tsk, #TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
+ ldr x20, [tsk, #TSK_TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
str x20, [sp, #S_ORIG_ADDR_LIMIT]
mov x20, #TASK_SIZE_64
- str x20, [tsk, #TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
+ str x20, [tsk, #TSK_TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
/* No need to reset PSTATE.UAO, hardware's already set it to 0 for us */
.endif /* \el == 0 */
mrs x22, elr_el1
@@ -139,7 +138,7 @@
.if \el != 0
/* Restore the task's original addr_limit. */
ldr x20, [sp, #S_ORIG_ADDR_LIMIT]
- str x20, [tsk, #TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
+ str x20, [tsk, #TSK_TI_ADDR_LIMIT]
/* No need to restore UAO, it will be restored from SPSR_EL1 */
.endif
@@ -192,13 +191,14 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
mov x19, sp // preserve the original sp
/*
- * Compare sp with the current thread_info, if the top
- * ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1) bits match, we are on a task stack, and
- * should switch to the irq stack.
+ * Compare sp with the base of the task stack.
+ * If the top ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1) bits match, we are on a task stack,
+ * and should switch to the irq stack.
*/
- and x25, x19, #~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)
- cmp x25, tsk
- b.ne 9998f
+ ldr x25, [tsk, TSK_STACK]
+ eor x25, x25, x19
+ and x25, x25, #~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)
+ cbnz x25, 9998f
adr_this_cpu x25, irq_stack, x26
mov x26, #IRQ_STACK_START_SP
@@ -427,9 +427,9 @@ el1_irq:
irq_handler
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
- ldr w24, [tsk, #TI_PREEMPT] // get preempt count
+ ldr w24, [tsk, #TSK_TI_PREEMPT] // get preempt count
cbnz w24, 1f // preempt count != 0
- ldr x0, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // get flags
+ ldr x0, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // get flags
tbz x0, #TIF_NEED_RESCHED, 1f // needs rescheduling?
bl el1_preempt
1:
@@ -444,7 +444,7 @@ ENDPROC(el1_irq)
el1_preempt:
mov x24, lr
1: bl preempt_schedule_irq // irq en/disable is done inside
- ldr x0, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // get new tasks TI_FLAGS
+ ldr x0, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // get new tasks TI_FLAGS
tbnz x0, #TIF_NEED_RESCHED, 1b // needs rescheduling?
ret x24
#endif
@@ -674,8 +674,7 @@ ENTRY(cpu_switch_to)
ldp x29, x9, [x8], #16
ldr lr, [x8]
mov sp, x9
- and x9, x9, #~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)
- msr sp_el0, x9
+ msr sp_el0, x1
ret
ENDPROC(cpu_switch_to)
@@ -686,7 +685,7 @@ ENDPROC(cpu_switch_to)
ret_fast_syscall:
disable_irq // disable interrupts
str x0, [sp, #S_X0] // returned x0
- ldr x1, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // re-check for syscall tracing
+ ldr x1, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // re-check for syscall tracing
and x2, x1, #_TIF_SYSCALL_WORK
cbnz x2, ret_fast_syscall_trace
and x2, x1, #_TIF_WORK_MASK
@@ -706,14 +705,14 @@ work_pending:
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
bl trace_hardirqs_on // enabled while in userspace
#endif
- ldr x1, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // re-check for single-step
+ ldr x1, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // re-check for single-step
b finish_ret_to_user
/*
* "slow" syscall return path.
*/
ret_to_user:
disable_irq // disable interrupts
- ldr x1, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS]
+ ldr x1, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS]
and x2, x1, #_TIF_WORK_MASK
cbnz x2, work_pending
finish_ret_to_user:
@@ -746,7 +745,7 @@ el0_svc_naked: // compat entry point
enable_dbg_and_irq
ct_user_exit 1
- ldr x16, [tsk, #TI_FLAGS] // check for syscall hooks
+ ldr x16, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS] // check for syscall hooks
tst x16, #_TIF_SYSCALL_WORK
b.ne __sys_trace
cmp scno, sc_nr // check upper syscall limit
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
index 332e331..eaafb25 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
@@ -428,7 +428,8 @@ ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
__primary_switched:
adrp x4, init_thread_union
add sp, x4, #THREAD_SIZE
- msr sp_el0, x4 // Save thread_info
+ adr_l x5, init_task
+ msr sp_el0, x5 // Save thread_info
adr_l x8, vectors // load VBAR_EL1 with virtual
msr vbar_el1, x8 // vector table address
@@ -699,10 +700,10 @@ __secondary_switched:
isb
adr_l x0, secondary_data
- ldr x0, [x0, #CPU_BOOT_STACK] // get secondary_data.stack
- mov sp, x0
- and x0, x0, #~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)
- msr sp_el0, x0 // save thread_info
+ ldr x1, [x0, #CPU_BOOT_STACK] // get secondary_data.stack
+ mov sp, x1
+ ldr x2, [x0, #CPU_BOOT_TASK]
+ msr sp_el0, x2
mov x29, #0
b secondary_start_kernel
ENDPROC(__secondary_switched)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index ec7b9c0..a98b743 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <trace/events/power.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/compat.h>
@@ -322,6 +323,20 @@ void uao_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
}
/*
+ * We store our current task in sp_el0, which is clobbered by userspace. Keep a
+ * shadow copy so that we can restore this upon entry from userspace.
+ *
+ * This is *only* for exception entry from EL0, and is not valid until we
+ * __switch_to() a user task.
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, __entry_task);
+
+static void entry_task_switch(struct task_struct *next)
+{
+ __this_cpu_write(__entry_task, next);
+}
+
+/*
* Thread switching.
*/
struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
@@ -333,6 +348,7 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
tls_thread_switch(next);
hw_breakpoint_thread_switch(next);
contextidr_thread_switch(next);
+ entry_task_switch(next);
uao_thread_switch(next);
/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index 6f42c68..cb87234 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@ int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
* We need to tell the secondary core where to find its stack and the
* page tables.
*/
+ secondary_data.task = idle;
secondary_data.stack = task_stack_page(idle) + THREAD_START_SP;
update_cpu_boot_status(CPU_MMU_OFF);
__flush_dcache_area(&secondary_data, sizeof(secondary_data));
@@ -173,6 +174,7 @@ int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
pr_err("CPU%u: failed to boot: %d\n", cpu, ret);
}
+ secondary_data.task = NULL;
secondary_data.stack = NULL;
status = READ_ONCE(secondary_data.status);
if (ret && status) {