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authorEric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>2016-07-10 10:04:02 +0200
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2016-07-11 13:33:35 -0700
commit75ff39ccc1bd5d3c455b6822ab09e533c551f758 (patch)
treedfaab8e11cc386563770039563c5f3f64f22a109
parenta612769774a30e4fc143c4cb6395c12573415660 (diff)
tcp: make challenge acks less predictable
Yue Cao claims that current host rate limiting of challenge ACKS (RFC 5961) could leak enough information to allow a patient attacker to hijack TCP sessions. He will soon provide details in an academic paper. This patch increases the default limit from 100 to 1000, and adds some randomization so that the attacker can no longer hijack sessions without spending a considerable amount of probes. Based on initial analysis and patch from Linus. Note that we also have per socket rate limiting, so it is tempting to remove the host limit in the future. v2: randomize the count of challenge acks per second, not the period. Fixes: 282f23c6ee34 ("tcp: implement RFC 5961 3.2") Reported-by: Yue Cao <ycao009@ucr.edu> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Cc: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Acked-by: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Acked-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_input.c15
1 files changed, 10 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
index d6c8f4cd0..91868bb 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ int sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale __read_mostly = 1;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale);
/* rfc5961 challenge ack rate limiting */
-int sysctl_tcp_challenge_ack_limit = 100;
+int sysctl_tcp_challenge_ack_limit = 1000;
int sysctl_tcp_stdurg __read_mostly;
int sysctl_tcp_rfc1337 __read_mostly;
@@ -3458,7 +3458,7 @@ static void tcp_send_challenge_ack(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb)
static u32 challenge_timestamp;
static unsigned int challenge_count;
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
- u32 now;
+ u32 count, now;
/* First check our per-socket dupack rate limit. */
if (tcp_oow_rate_limited(sock_net(sk), skb,
@@ -3466,13 +3466,18 @@ static void tcp_send_challenge_ack(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb)
&tp->last_oow_ack_time))
return;
- /* Then check the check host-wide RFC 5961 rate limit. */
+ /* Then check host-wide RFC 5961 rate limit. */
now = jiffies / HZ;
if (now != challenge_timestamp) {
+ u32 half = (sysctl_tcp_challenge_ack_limit + 1) >> 1;
+
challenge_timestamp = now;
- challenge_count = 0;
+ WRITE_ONCE(challenge_count, half +
+ prandom_u32_max(sysctl_tcp_challenge_ack_limit));
}
- if (++challenge_count <= sysctl_tcp_challenge_ack_limit) {
+ count = READ_ONCE(challenge_count);
+ if (count > 0) {
+ WRITE_ONCE(challenge_count, count - 1);
NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPCHALLENGEACK);
tcp_send_ack(sk);
}