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authorBoris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com>2016-04-14 21:17:41 +0200
committerThierry Reding <thierry.reding@gmail.com>2016-05-17 14:48:03 +0200
commit5ec803edcb703fe379836f13560b79dfac79b01d (patch)
treeee69e2156e03337bd928e151a5c5a39aa44baeb2
parent15fa8a43c147213a9563903c87b29671035eb6e8 (diff)
pwm: Add core infrastructure to allow atomic updates
Add an ->apply() method to the pwm_ops struct to allow PWM drivers to implement atomic updates. This method is preferred over the ->enable(), ->disable() and ->config() methods if available. Add the pwm_apply_state() function to the PWM user API. Note that the pwm_apply_state() does not guarantee the atomicity of the update operation, it all depends on the availability and implementation of the ->apply() method. pwm_enable/disable/set_polarity/config() are now implemented as wrappers around the pwm_apply_state() function. pwm_adjust_config() is allowing smooth handover between the bootloader and the kernel. This function tries to adapt the current PWM state to the PWM arguments coming from a PWM lookup table or a DT definition without changing the duty_cycle/period proportion. Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com> [thierry.reding@gmail.com: fix a couple of typos] Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@gmail.com>
-rw-r--r--drivers/pwm/core.c187
-rw-r--r--include/linux/pwm.h269
2 files changed, 303 insertions, 153 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/core.c b/drivers/pwm/core.c
index a909c64..729d457 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/core.c
+++ b/drivers/pwm/core.c
@@ -226,6 +226,19 @@ void *pwm_get_chip_data(struct pwm_device *pwm)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_get_chip_data);
+static bool pwm_ops_check(const struct pwm_ops *ops)
+{
+ /* driver supports legacy, non-atomic operation */
+ if (ops->config && ops->enable && ops->disable)
+ return true;
+
+ /* driver supports atomic operation */
+ if (ops->apply)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
/**
* pwmchip_add_with_polarity() - register a new PWM chip
* @chip: the PWM chip to add
@@ -244,8 +257,10 @@ int pwmchip_add_with_polarity(struct pwm_chip *chip,
unsigned int i;
int ret;
- if (!chip || !chip->dev || !chip->ops || !chip->ops->config ||
- !chip->ops->enable || !chip->ops->disable || !chip->npwm)
+ if (!chip || !chip->dev || !chip->ops || !chip->npwm)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!pwm_ops_check(chip->ops))
return -EINVAL;
mutex_lock(&pwm_lock);
@@ -431,102 +446,138 @@ void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_free);
/**
- * pwm_config() - change a PWM device configuration
+ * pwm_apply_state() - atomically apply a new state to a PWM device
* @pwm: PWM device
- * @duty_ns: "on" time (in nanoseconds)
- * @period_ns: duration (in nanoseconds) of one cycle
- *
- * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
+ * @state: new state to apply. This can be adjusted by the PWM driver
+ * if the requested config is not achievable, for example,
+ * ->duty_cycle and ->period might be approximated.
*/
-int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns)
+int pwm_apply_state(struct pwm_device *pwm, struct pwm_state *state)
{
int err;
- if (!pwm || duty_ns < 0 || period_ns <= 0 || duty_ns > period_ns)
+ if (!pwm)
return -EINVAL;
- err = pwm->chip->ops->config(pwm->chip, pwm, duty_ns, period_ns);
- if (err)
- return err;
-
- pwm->state.duty_cycle = duty_ns;
- pwm->state.period = period_ns;
-
- return 0;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_config);
+ if (!memcmp(state, &pwm->state, sizeof(*state)))
+ return 0;
-/**
- * pwm_set_polarity() - configure the polarity of a PWM signal
- * @pwm: PWM device
- * @polarity: new polarity of the PWM signal
- *
- * Note that the polarity cannot be configured while the PWM device is
- * enabled.
- *
- * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
- */
-int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_device *pwm, enum pwm_polarity polarity)
-{
- int err;
+ if (pwm->chip->ops->apply) {
+ err = pwm->chip->ops->apply(pwm->chip, pwm, state);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
- if (!pwm || !pwm->chip->ops)
- return -EINVAL;
+ pwm->state = *state;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * FIXME: restore the initial state in case of error.
+ */
+ if (state->polarity != pwm->state.polarity) {
+ if (!pwm->chip->ops->set_polarity)
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+
+ /*
+ * Changing the polarity of a running PWM is
+ * only allowed when the PWM driver implements
+ * ->apply().
+ */
+ if (pwm->state.enabled) {
+ pwm->chip->ops->disable(pwm->chip, pwm);
+ pwm->state.enabled = false;
+ }
+
+ err = pwm->chip->ops->set_polarity(pwm->chip, pwm,
+ state->polarity);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ pwm->state.polarity = state->polarity;
+ }
- if (!pwm->chip->ops->set_polarity)
- return -ENOSYS;
+ if (state->period != pwm->state.period ||
+ state->duty_cycle != pwm->state.duty_cycle) {
+ err = pwm->chip->ops->config(pwm->chip, pwm,
+ state->duty_cycle,
+ state->period);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
- if (pwm_is_enabled(pwm))
- return -EBUSY;
+ pwm->state.duty_cycle = state->duty_cycle;
+ pwm->state.period = state->period;
+ }
- err = pwm->chip->ops->set_polarity(pwm->chip, pwm, polarity);
- if (err)
- return err;
+ if (state->enabled != pwm->state.enabled) {
+ if (state->enabled) {
+ err = pwm->chip->ops->enable(pwm->chip, pwm);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ } else {
+ pwm->chip->ops->disable(pwm->chip, pwm);
+ }
- pwm->state.polarity = polarity;
+ pwm->state.enabled = state->enabled;
+ }
+ }
return 0;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_set_polarity);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_apply_state);
/**
- * pwm_enable() - start a PWM output toggling
+ * pwm_adjust_config() - adjust the current PWM config to the PWM arguments
* @pwm: PWM device
*
- * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
+ * This function will adjust the PWM config to the PWM arguments provided
+ * by the DT or PWM lookup table. This is particularly useful to adapt
+ * the bootloader config to the Linux one.
*/
-int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+int pwm_adjust_config(struct pwm_device *pwm)
{
- int err = 0;
+ struct pwm_state state;
+ struct pwm_args pargs;
- if (!pwm)
- return -EINVAL;
+ pwm_get_args(pwm, &pargs);
+ pwm_get_state(pwm, &state);
+
+ /*
+ * If the current period is zero it means that either the PWM driver
+ * does not support initial state retrieval or the PWM has not yet
+ * been configured.
+ *
+ * In either case, we setup the new period and polarity, and assign a
+ * duty cycle of 0.
+ */
+ if (!state.period) {
+ state.duty_cycle = 0;
+ state.period = pargs.period;
+ state.polarity = pargs.polarity;
- if (!pwm_is_enabled(pwm)) {
- err = pwm->chip->ops->enable(pwm->chip, pwm);
- if (!err)
- pwm->state.enabled = true;
+ return pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
}
- return err;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_enable);
+ /*
+ * Adjust the PWM duty cycle/period based on the period value provided
+ * in PWM args.
+ */
+ if (pargs.period != state.period) {
+ u64 dutycycle = (u64)state.duty_cycle * pargs.period;
-/**
- * pwm_disable() - stop a PWM output toggling
- * @pwm: PWM device
- */
-void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
-{
- if (!pwm)
- return;
+ do_div(dutycycle, state.period);
+ state.duty_cycle = dutycycle;
+ state.period = pargs.period;
+ }
- if (pwm_is_enabled(pwm)) {
- pwm->chip->ops->disable(pwm->chip, pwm);
- pwm->state.enabled = false;
+ /*
+ * If the polarity changed, we should also change the duty cycle.
+ */
+ if (pargs.polarity != state.polarity) {
+ state.polarity = pargs.polarity;
+ state.duty_cycle = state.period - state.duty_cycle;
}
+
+ return pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_disable);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_adjust_config);
static struct pwm_chip *of_node_to_pwmchip(struct device_node *np)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/pwm.h b/include/linux/pwm.h
index 33f8dec..17018f3 100644
--- a/include/linux/pwm.h
+++ b/include/linux/pwm.h
@@ -5,59 +5,7 @@
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
-struct pwm_device;
struct seq_file;
-
-#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PWM)
-/*
- * pwm_request - request a PWM device
- */
-struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label);
-
-/*
- * pwm_free - free a PWM device
- */
-void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-
-/*
- * pwm_config - change a PWM device configuration
- */
-int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns);
-
-/*
- * pwm_enable - start a PWM output toggling
- */
-int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-
-/*
- * pwm_disable - stop a PWM output toggling
- */
-void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-#else
-static inline struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label)
-{
- return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
-}
-
-static inline void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm)
-{
-}
-
-static inline int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns)
-{
- return -EINVAL;
-}
-
-static inline int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
-{
- return -EINVAL;
-}
-
-static inline void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
-{
-}
-#endif
-
struct pwm_chip;
/**
@@ -184,11 +132,6 @@ static inline unsigned int pwm_get_duty_cycle(const struct pwm_device *pwm)
return state.duty_cycle;
}
-/*
- * pwm_set_polarity - configure the polarity of a PWM signal
- */
-int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_device *pwm, enum pwm_polarity polarity);
-
static inline enum pwm_polarity pwm_get_polarity(const struct pwm_device *pwm)
{
struct pwm_state state;
@@ -204,34 +147,6 @@ static inline void pwm_get_args(const struct pwm_device *pwm,
*args = pwm->args;
}
-static inline void pwm_apply_args(struct pwm_device *pwm)
-{
- /*
- * PWM users calling pwm_apply_args() expect to have a fresh config
- * where the polarity and period are set according to pwm_args info.
- * The problem is, polarity can only be changed when the PWM is
- * disabled.
- *
- * PWM drivers supporting hardware readout may declare the PWM device
- * as enabled, and prevent polarity setting, which changes from the
- * existing behavior, where all PWM devices are declared as disabled
- * at startup (even if they are actually enabled), thus authorizing
- * polarity setting.
- *
- * Instead of setting ->enabled to false, we call pwm_disable()
- * before pwm_set_polarity() to ensure that everything is configured
- * as expected, and the PWM is really disabled when the user request
- * it.
- *
- * Note that PWM users requiring a smooth handover between the
- * bootloader and the kernel (like critical regulators controlled by
- * PWM devices) will have to switch to the atomic API and avoid calling
- * pwm_apply_args().
- */
- pwm_disable(pwm);
- pwm_set_polarity(pwm, pwm->args.polarity);
-}
-
/**
* struct pwm_ops - PWM controller operations
* @request: optional hook for requesting a PWM
@@ -240,6 +155,10 @@ static inline void pwm_apply_args(struct pwm_device *pwm)
* @set_polarity: configure the polarity of this PWM
* @enable: enable PWM output toggling
* @disable: disable PWM output toggling
+ * @apply: atomically apply a new PWM config. The state argument
+ * should be adjusted with the real hardware config (if the
+ * approximate the period or duty_cycle value, state should
+ * reflect it)
* @get_state: get the current PWM state. This function is only
* called once per PWM device when the PWM chip is
* registered.
@@ -255,6 +174,8 @@ struct pwm_ops {
enum pwm_polarity polarity);
int (*enable)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm);
void (*disable)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm);
+ int (*apply)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ struct pwm_state *state);
void (*get_state)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
struct pwm_state *state);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
@@ -292,6 +213,115 @@ struct pwm_chip {
};
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PWM)
+/* PWM user APIs */
+struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label);
+void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+int pwm_apply_state(struct pwm_device *pwm, struct pwm_state *state);
+int pwm_adjust_config(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_config() - change a PWM device configuration
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ * @duty_ns: "on" time (in nanoseconds)
+ * @period_ns: duration (in nanoseconds) of one cycle
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
+ */
+static inline int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns,
+ int period_ns)
+{
+ struct pwm_state state;
+
+ if (!pwm)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pwm_get_state(pwm, &state);
+ if (state.duty_cycle == duty_ns && state.period == period_ns)
+ return 0;
+
+ state.duty_cycle = duty_ns;
+ state.period = period_ns;
+ return pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pwm_set_polarity() - configure the polarity of a PWM signal
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ * @polarity: new polarity of the PWM signal
+ *
+ * Note that the polarity cannot be configured while the PWM device is
+ * enabled.
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
+ */
+static inline int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ enum pwm_polarity polarity)
+{
+ struct pwm_state state;
+
+ if (!pwm)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pwm_get_state(pwm, &state);
+ if (state.polarity == polarity)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Changing the polarity of a running PWM without adjusting the
+ * dutycycle/period value is a bit risky (can introduce glitches).
+ * Return -EBUSY in this case.
+ * Note that this is allowed when using pwm_apply_state() because
+ * the user specifies all the parameters.
+ */
+ if (state.enabled)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ state.polarity = polarity;
+ return pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pwm_enable() - start a PWM output toggling
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
+ */
+static inline int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct pwm_state state;
+
+ if (!pwm)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pwm_get_state(pwm, &state);
+ if (state.enabled)
+ return 0;
+
+ state.enabled = true;
+ return pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pwm_disable() - stop a PWM output toggling
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ */
+static inline void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct pwm_state state;
+
+ if (!pwm)
+ return;
+
+ pwm_get_state(pwm, &state);
+ if (!state.enabled)
+ return;
+
+ state.enabled = false;
+ pwm_apply_state(pwm, &state);
+}
+
+
+/* PWM provider APIs */
int pwm_set_chip_data(struct pwm_device *pwm, void *data);
void *pwm_get_chip_data(struct pwm_device *pwm);
@@ -317,6 +347,47 @@ void devm_pwm_put(struct device *dev, struct pwm_device *pwm);
bool pwm_can_sleep(struct pwm_device *pwm);
#else
+static inline struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label)
+{
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+}
+
+static inline void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+}
+
+static inline int pwm_apply_state(struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ const struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static inline int pwm_adjust_config(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static inline int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns,
+ int period_ns)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static inline int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ enum pwm_polarity polarity)
+{
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static inline int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static inline void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+}
+
static inline int pwm_set_chip_data(struct pwm_device *pwm, void *data)
{
return -EINVAL;
@@ -388,6 +459,34 @@ static inline bool pwm_can_sleep(struct pwm_device *pwm)
}
#endif
+static inline void pwm_apply_args(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ /*
+ * PWM users calling pwm_apply_args() expect to have a fresh config
+ * where the polarity and period are set according to pwm_args info.
+ * The problem is, polarity can only be changed when the PWM is
+ * disabled.
+ *
+ * PWM drivers supporting hardware readout may declare the PWM device
+ * as enabled, and prevent polarity setting, which changes from the
+ * existing behavior, where all PWM devices are declared as disabled
+ * at startup (even if they are actually enabled), thus authorizing
+ * polarity setting.
+ *
+ * Instead of setting ->enabled to false, we call pwm_disable()
+ * before pwm_set_polarity() to ensure that everything is configured
+ * as expected, and the PWM is really disabled when the user request
+ * it.
+ *
+ * Note that PWM users requiring a smooth handover between the
+ * bootloader and the kernel (like critical regulators controlled by
+ * PWM devices) will have to switch to the atomic API and avoid calling
+ * pwm_apply_args().
+ */
+ pwm_disable(pwm);
+ pwm_set_polarity(pwm, pwm->args.polarity);
+}
+
struct pwm_lookup {
struct list_head list;
const char *provider;