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authorJosef Bacik <josef@redhat.com>2011-05-31 11:58:49 -0400
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2011-07-20 01:43:03 -0400
commit44396f4b5cb8566f7118aec55eeac99be7ad94cb (patch)
treedc2fd0d01c634ee9a5f5cfb8ca0d660f060ce188
parente6625fa48e6580a74b7e700efd7e6463e282810b (diff)
fs: add a DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP flag for d_flags
Btrfs (and I'd venture most other fs's) stores its indexes in nice disk order for readdir, but unfortunately in the case of anything that stats the files in order that readdir spits back (like oh say ls) that means we still have to do the normal lookup of the file, which means looking up our other index and then looking up the inode. What I want is a way to create dummy dentries when we find them in readdir so that when ls or anything else subsequently does a stat(), we already have the location information in the dentry and can go straight to the inode itself. The lookup stuff just assumes that if it finds a dentry it is done, it doesn't perform a lookup. So add a DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP flag so that the lookup code knows it still needs to run i_op->lookup() on the parent to get the inode for the dentry. I have tested this with btrfs and I went from something that looks like this http://people.redhat.com/jwhiter/ls-noreada.png To this http://people.redhat.com/jwhiter/ls-good.png Thats a savings of 1300 seconds, or 22 minutes. That is a significant savings. Thanks, Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <josef@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--fs/dcache.c34
-rw-r--r--fs/namei.c49
-rw-r--r--include/linux/dcache.h7
3 files changed, 88 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index 6e4ea6d..d390213 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -344,6 +344,24 @@ void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop);
/*
+ * d_clear_need_lookup - drop a dentry from cache and clear the need lookup flag
+ * @dentry: dentry to drop
+ *
+ * This is called when we do a lookup on a placeholder dentry that needed to be
+ * looked up. The dentry should have been hashed in order for it to be found by
+ * the lookup code, but now needs to be unhashed while we do the actual lookup
+ * and clear the DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP flag.
+ */
+void d_clear_need_lookup(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __d_drop(dentry);
+ dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP;
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_clear_need_lookup);
+
+/*
* Finish off a dentry we've decided to kill.
* dentry->d_lock must be held, returns with it unlocked.
* If ref is non-zero, then decrement the refcount too.
@@ -432,8 +450,13 @@ repeat:
if (d_unhashed(dentry))
goto kill_it;
- /* Otherwise leave it cached and ensure it's on the LRU */
- dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED;
+ /*
+ * If this dentry needs lookup, don't set the referenced flag so that it
+ * is more likely to be cleaned up by the dcache shrinker in case of
+ * memory pressure.
+ */
+ if (!d_need_lookup(dentry))
+ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED;
dentry_lru_add(dentry);
dentry->d_count--;
@@ -1708,6 +1731,13 @@ struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode,
}
/*
+ * We are going to instantiate this dentry, unhash it and clear the
+ * lookup flag so we can do that.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(d_need_lookup(found)))
+ d_clear_need_lookup(found);
+
+ /*
* Negative dentry: instantiate it unless the inode is a directory and
* already has a dentry.
*/
diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index 14ab8d3..5ba42c4 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -1134,6 +1134,30 @@ static struct dentry *d_alloc_and_lookup(struct dentry *parent,
}
/*
+ * We already have a dentry, but require a lookup to be performed on the parent
+ * directory to fill in d_inode. Returns the new dentry, or ERR_PTR on error.
+ * parent->d_inode->i_mutex must be held. d_lookup must have verified that no
+ * child exists while under i_mutex.
+ */
+static struct dentry *d_inode_lookup(struct dentry *parent, struct dentry *dentry,
+ struct nameidata *nd)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = parent->d_inode;
+ struct dentry *old;
+
+ /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */
+ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(inode)))
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+
+ old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, nd);
+ if (unlikely(old)) {
+ dput(dentry);
+ dentry = old;
+ }
+ return dentry;
+}
+
+/*
* It's more convoluted than I'd like it to be, but... it's still fairly
* small and for now I'd prefer to have fast path as straight as possible.
* It _is_ time-critical.
@@ -1172,6 +1196,8 @@ static int do_lookup(struct nameidata *nd, struct qstr *name,
goto unlazy;
}
}
+ if (unlikely(d_need_lookup(dentry)))
+ goto unlazy;
path->mnt = mnt;
path->dentry = dentry;
if (unlikely(!__follow_mount_rcu(nd, path, inode)))
@@ -1186,6 +1212,10 @@ unlazy:
dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name);
}
+ if (dentry && unlikely(d_need_lookup(dentry))) {
+ dput(dentry);
+ dentry = NULL;
+ }
retry:
if (unlikely(!dentry)) {
struct inode *dir = parent->d_inode;
@@ -1202,6 +1232,15 @@ retry:
/* known good */
need_reval = 0;
status = 1;
+ } else if (unlikely(d_need_lookup(dentry))) {
+ dentry = d_inode_lookup(parent, dentry, nd);
+ if (IS_ERR(dentry)) {
+ mutex_unlock(&dir->i_mutex);
+ return PTR_ERR(dentry);
+ }
+ /* known good */
+ need_reval = 0;
+ status = 1;
}
mutex_unlock(&dir->i_mutex);
}
@@ -1683,6 +1722,16 @@ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(struct qstr *name,
*/
dentry = d_lookup(base, name);
+ if (dentry && d_need_lookup(dentry)) {
+ /*
+ * __lookup_hash is called with the parent dir's i_mutex already
+ * held, so we are good to go here.
+ */
+ dentry = d_inode_lookup(base, dentry, nd);
+ if (IS_ERR(dentry))
+ return dentry;
+ }
+
if (dentry && (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE))
dentry = do_revalidate(dentry, nd);
diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
index 19d90a5..5fa5bd3 100644
--- a/include/linux/dcache.h
+++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
@@ -216,6 +216,7 @@ struct dentry_operations {
#define DCACHE_MOUNTED 0x10000 /* is a mountpoint */
#define DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT 0x20000 /* handle automount on this dir */
#define DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT 0x40000 /* manage transit from this dirent */
+#define DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP 0x80000 /* dentry requires i_op->lookup */
#define DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY \
(DCACHE_MOUNTED|DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)
@@ -416,6 +417,12 @@ static inline bool d_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED;
}
+static inline bool d_need_lookup(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NEED_LOOKUP;
+}
+
+extern void d_clear_need_lookup(struct dentry *dentry);
extern struct dentry *lookup_create(struct nameidata *nd, int is_dir);
extern int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure;