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authorDave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>2011-07-18 03:40:16 +0000
committerAlex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>2011-07-20 18:37:20 -0500
commit1d8c95a363bf8cd4d4182dd19c01693b635311c2 (patch)
tree839d26eb6a1f6814c687e2c6855feb377b74c0f9
parentad1a2c878ca70829874b4fcc83223cccb4e26dab (diff)
xfs: use a cursor for bulk AIL insertion
Delayed logging can insert tens of thousands of log items into the AIL at the same LSN. When the committing of log commit records occur, we can get insertions occurring at an LSN that is not at the end of the AIL. If there are thousands of items in the AIL on the tail LSN, each insertion has to walk the AIL to find the correct place to insert the new item into the AIL. This can consume large amounts of CPU time and block other operations from occurring while the traversals are in progress. To avoid this repeated walk, use a AIL cursor to record where we should be inserting the new items into the AIL without having to repeat the walk. The cursor infrastructure already provides this functionality for push walks, so is a simple extension of existing code. While this will not avoid the initial walk, it will avoid repeating it tens of thousands of times during a single checkpoint commit. This version includes logic improvements from Christoph Hellwig. Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c27
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c109
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_trans_priv.h10
3 files changed, 118 insertions, 28 deletions
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
index c83f63b..efc147f 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
@@ -1426,6 +1426,7 @@ xfs_trans_committed(
static inline void
xfs_log_item_batch_insert(
struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
struct xfs_log_item **log_items,
int nr_items,
xfs_lsn_t commit_lsn)
@@ -1434,7 +1435,7 @@ xfs_log_item_batch_insert(
spin_lock(&ailp->xa_lock);
/* xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk drops ailp->xa_lock */
- xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(ailp, log_items, nr_items, commit_lsn);
+ xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(ailp, cur, log_items, nr_items, commit_lsn);
for (i = 0; i < nr_items; i++)
IOP_UNPIN(log_items[i], 0);
@@ -1452,6 +1453,13 @@ xfs_log_item_batch_insert(
* as an iclog write error even though we haven't started any IO yet. Hence in
* this case all we need to do is IOP_COMMITTED processing, followed by an
* IOP_UNPIN(aborted) call.
+ *
+ * The AIL cursor is used to optimise the insert process. If commit_lsn is not
+ * at the end of the AIL, the insert cursor avoids the need to walk
+ * the AIL to find the insertion point on every xfs_log_item_batch_insert()
+ * call. This saves a lot of needless list walking and is a net win, even
+ * though it slightly increases that amount of AIL lock traffic to set it up
+ * and tear it down.
*/
void
xfs_trans_committed_bulk(
@@ -1463,8 +1471,13 @@ xfs_trans_committed_bulk(
#define LOG_ITEM_BATCH_SIZE 32
struct xfs_log_item *log_items[LOG_ITEM_BATCH_SIZE];
struct xfs_log_vec *lv;
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor cur;
int i = 0;
+ spin_lock(&ailp->xa_lock);
+ xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(ailp, &cur, commit_lsn);
+ spin_unlock(&ailp->xa_lock);
+
/* unpin all the log items */
for (lv = log_vector; lv; lv = lv->lv_next ) {
struct xfs_log_item *lip = lv->lv_item;
@@ -1493,7 +1506,9 @@ xfs_trans_committed_bulk(
/*
* Not a bulk update option due to unusual item_lsn.
* Push into AIL immediately, rechecking the lsn once
- * we have the ail lock. Then unpin the item.
+ * we have the ail lock. Then unpin the item. This does
+ * not affect the AIL cursor the bulk insert path is
+ * using.
*/
spin_lock(&ailp->xa_lock);
if (XFS_LSN_CMP(item_lsn, lip->li_lsn) > 0)
@@ -1507,7 +1522,7 @@ xfs_trans_committed_bulk(
/* Item is a candidate for bulk AIL insert. */
log_items[i++] = lv->lv_item;
if (i >= LOG_ITEM_BATCH_SIZE) {
- xfs_log_item_batch_insert(ailp, log_items,
+ xfs_log_item_batch_insert(ailp, &cur, log_items,
LOG_ITEM_BATCH_SIZE, commit_lsn);
i = 0;
}
@@ -1515,7 +1530,11 @@ xfs_trans_committed_bulk(
/* make sure we insert the remainder! */
if (i)
- xfs_log_item_batch_insert(ailp, log_items, i, commit_lsn);
+ xfs_log_item_batch_insert(ailp, &cur, log_items, i, commit_lsn);
+
+ spin_lock(&ailp->xa_lock);
+ xfs_trans_ail_cursor_done(ailp, &cur);
+ spin_unlock(&ailp->xa_lock);
}
/*
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
index 5fc2380..9a69dc0 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
@@ -272,9 +272,9 @@ xfs_trans_ail_cursor_clear(
}
/*
- * Return the item in the AIL with the current lsn.
- * Return the current tree generation number for use
- * in calls to xfs_trans_next_ail().
+ * Initialise the cursor to the first item in the AIL with the given @lsn.
+ * This searches the list from lowest LSN to highest. Pass a @lsn of zero
+ * to initialise the cursor to the first item in the AIL.
*/
xfs_log_item_t *
xfs_trans_ail_cursor_first(
@@ -300,31 +300,97 @@ out:
}
/*
- * splice the log item list into the AIL at the given LSN.
+ * Initialise the cursor to the last item in the AIL with the given @lsn.
+ * This searches the list from highest LSN to lowest. If there is no item with
+ * the value of @lsn, then it sets the cursor to the last item with an LSN lower
+ * than @lsn.
+ */
+static struct xfs_log_item *
+__xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(
+ struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ xfs_lsn_t lsn)
+{
+ xfs_log_item_t *lip;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_reverse(lip, &ailp->xa_ail, li_ail) {
+ if (XFS_LSN_CMP(lip->li_lsn, lsn) <= 0)
+ return lip;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialise the cursor to the last item in the AIL with the given @lsn.
+ * This searches the list from highest LSN to lowest.
+ */
+struct xfs_log_item *
+xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(
+ struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
+ xfs_lsn_t lsn)
+{
+ xfs_trans_ail_cursor_init(ailp, cur);
+ cur->item = __xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(ailp, lsn);
+ return cur->item;
+}
+
+/*
+ * splice the log item list into the AIL at the given LSN. We splice to the
+ * tail of the given LSN to maintain insert order for push traversals. The
+ * cursor is optional, allowing repeated updates to the same LSN to avoid
+ * repeated traversals.
*/
static void
xfs_ail_splice(
- struct xfs_ail *ailp,
- struct list_head *list,
- xfs_lsn_t lsn)
+ struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
+ struct list_head *list,
+ xfs_lsn_t lsn)
{
- xfs_log_item_t *next_lip;
+ struct xfs_log_item *lip = cur ? cur->item : NULL;
+ struct xfs_log_item *next_lip;
- /* If the list is empty, just insert the item. */
- if (list_empty(&ailp->xa_ail)) {
- list_splice(list, &ailp->xa_ail);
- return;
+ /*
+ * Get a new cursor if we don't have a placeholder or the existing one
+ * has been invalidated.
+ */
+ if (!lip || (__psint_t)lip & 1) {
+ lip = __xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(ailp, lsn);
+
+ if (!lip) {
+ /* The list is empty, so just splice and return. */
+ if (cur)
+ cur->item = NULL;
+ list_splice(list, &ailp->xa_ail);
+ return;
+ }
}
- list_for_each_entry_reverse(next_lip, &ailp->xa_ail, li_ail) {
- if (XFS_LSN_CMP(next_lip->li_lsn, lsn) <= 0)
- break;
+ /*
+ * Our cursor points to the item we want to insert _after_, so we have
+ * to update the cursor to point to the end of the list we are splicing
+ * in so that it points to the correct location for the next splice.
+ * i.e. before the splice
+ *
+ * lsn -> lsn -> lsn + x -> lsn + x ...
+ * ^
+ * | cursor points here
+ *
+ * After the splice we have:
+ *
+ * lsn -> lsn -> lsn -> lsn -> .... -> lsn -> lsn + x -> lsn + x ...
+ * ^ ^
+ * | cursor points here | needs to move here
+ *
+ * So we set the cursor to the last item in the list to be spliced
+ * before we execute the splice, resulting in the cursor pointing to
+ * the correct item after the splice occurs.
+ */
+ if (cur) {
+ next_lip = list_entry(list->prev, struct xfs_log_item, li_ail);
+ cur->item = next_lip;
}
-
- ASSERT(&next_lip->li_ail == &ailp->xa_ail ||
- XFS_LSN_CMP(next_lip->li_lsn, lsn) <= 0);
-
- list_splice_init(list, &next_lip->li_ail);
+ list_splice(list, &lip->li_ail);
}
/*
@@ -645,6 +711,7 @@ xfs_trans_unlocked_item(
void
xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(
struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
struct xfs_log_item **log_items,
int nr_items,
xfs_lsn_t lsn) __releases(ailp->xa_lock)
@@ -674,7 +741,7 @@ xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(
list_add(&lip->li_ail, &tmp);
}
- xfs_ail_splice(ailp, &tmp, lsn);
+ xfs_ail_splice(ailp, cur, &tmp, lsn);
if (!mlip_changed) {
spin_unlock(&ailp->xa_lock);
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_priv.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_priv.h
index 6b164e9..c0cb408 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_priv.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_priv.h
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ struct xfs_ail {
extern struct workqueue_struct *xfs_ail_wq; /* AIL workqueue */
void xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
struct xfs_log_item **log_items, int nr_items,
xfs_lsn_t lsn) __releases(ailp->xa_lock);
static inline void
@@ -90,7 +91,7 @@ xfs_trans_ail_update(
struct xfs_log_item *lip,
xfs_lsn_t lsn) __releases(ailp->xa_lock)
{
- xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(ailp, &lip, 1, lsn);
+ xfs_trans_ail_update_bulk(ailp, NULL, &lip, 1, lsn);
}
void xfs_trans_ail_delete_bulk(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
@@ -111,10 +112,13 @@ xfs_lsn_t xfs_ail_min_lsn(struct xfs_ail *ailp);
void xfs_trans_unlocked_item(struct xfs_ail *,
xfs_log_item_t *);
-struct xfs_log_item *xfs_trans_ail_cursor_first(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+struct xfs_log_item * xfs_trans_ail_cursor_first(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
xfs_lsn_t lsn);
-struct xfs_log_item *xfs_trans_ail_cursor_next(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+struct xfs_log_item * xfs_trans_ail_cursor_last(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
+ struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur,
+ xfs_lsn_t lsn);
+struct xfs_log_item * xfs_trans_ail_cursor_next(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur);
void xfs_trans_ail_cursor_done(struct xfs_ail *ailp,
struct xfs_ail_cursor *cur);